MCAT REVIEW: CELL BIOLOGY

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Generalized Eukaryotic Cell

The human body contains approximately 37 trillion cells. These cells create tissues from which organs form. Each cell serves a purpose, communicating and carrying out the reactions that make life possible. Interestingly, bacteria outnumber the eukaryotic cells in our bodies about ten to one. But the sheer number of cells from which the human body is created is not nearly as impressive as the numerous functions these cells can perform, from conduction of impulses through the nervous system, allowing for memory and learning, to the simultaneous contraction of cardiac myocytes to allow for the pumping of blood through the entire human body.

In order to understand the human organism as a whole, and how the human body reacts to various pathogens, a thorough understanding of cell biology is required.

MCAT Biology Review

It is not enough to simply memorize each part of the cell; the MCAT requires an understanding of how each cell structure carries out its functions and affects the entire organism. Prior to the s, organisms were perceived as being complete and inseparable into smaller parts. You will discover how osteocytes contribute to metabolic activities outside your skeleton. At the end of the lesson, a quiz will test your knowledge. One of the more dramatic ways that single-celled organisms get around is a whip-like structure called a flagellum. Learn the ways that different organisms make use of their flagella to move around their microscopic world.

Learn about natural cell death, called apoptosis, in normal cells and cancer cells, as well as treatments that are being developed to treat cancer by controlling apoptosis. In this lesson, you will learn how your cells become specialized. This specialization of cells allows them to perform different functions and create different parts of your body. Cellular communication is an important process that allows cells to pass signals to one another.

MCAT-BioChemistry Review Video

In this video lesson, you will be introduced to the process of cellular communication, identifying the three steps of cellular signaling in organisms. This lesson focuses on various theories of how living cells age and die, resulting in the people with those cells aging and dying. We'll look at broad definitions, as well as some of the popular sub-theories. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.

You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The videos on Study.

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Explore over 4, video courses. Find a degree that fits your goals. Try it risk-free for 30 days. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of cell biology and the cell cycle. You're in the right place if you: Have fallen behind in understanding the structure and function of a cell's organelles or the stages of cell division Need an efficient way to learn about cell biology and the cell cycle Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD Experience difficulty understanding your teachers Missed class time and need to catch up Can't access extra MCAT review resources at school.

In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including: What is the fluid mosaic model of the cell membrane?

Digestive and Excretory Systems

How are active and passive transport in cells different? What occurs during endocytosis and exocytosis? What is the structure of the nucleus? How do ribosomes function? What are the components of the endomembrane system?


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    What are nondisjunction and aneuploidy? Test your knowledge with a question chapter practice test. View all practice tests in this course. The Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane In this lesson, we will discuss the components of the cell membrane and why the fluid mosaic model paints the best picture of its structure. Passive Transport in Cells: Action potential along muscle cell membrane causes contraction. Intercellular junctions gap junctions: A series of cells with tight junctions also effectively forms an impermeable barrier.

    They are organized for mechanical strength, not an impermeable barrier. Eukaryotes have a true nucleus membrane-bound , while prokaryotes don't.

    Cells | MCAT | Test prep | Khan Academy

    Eukaryotes have membrane-bound organelles ER, Golgi, lysosomes, mitochondria , prokaryotes don't. Eukaryotes divide by mitosis all them chromosomes line up and stuff , prokaryotes undergo binary fission no chromosomes, just a circular ring of DNA, no need for complex mitosis Nucleus compartmentalization, storage of genetic information compartmentalization: Nucleolus location and function location is a region inside the nucleus. Nuclear envelope, nuclear pores nuclear envelope is a double membrane system made of an outer and an inner membrane.

    Also called nuclear membrane. Transcription occurs in the nucleus, and those transcribed RNA need to pass out of the nucleus. Things like transcription factors need to pass into the nucleus where they can access the DNA to be transcribed. All these serve to support the endosymbiosis theory. The folds of the inner membrane make up the cristae. Between the outer and inner membrane is the intermembrane space. The outer membrane separates the mitochondria from the cytoplasm. Things you want to digest gets into a vacuole by endocytosis or phagocytosis, and then the vacuole fuses with the lysosome.


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